Saudi Critical Care Journal

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2017  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 75--79

A pre-post study evaluating the effectiveness of a new initiative, the “PRESSURE Bundle,” Compared with standard care in reducing the incidence and prevalence of sacral pressure ulcers in Critically Ill Patients in an intensive care unit in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia


Anas Ahmad Amr1, Amin M Yousef1, Mohammad F Amirah2, Mahmoud H Alkurdi1 
1 Department of Intensive Care, Imam Abd Alrahman Alfaisal Hospital, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Intensive Care, King Saud Medical City, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Anas Ahmad Amr
Department of Intensive Care, Imam Abd Alrahman Alfaisal Hospital, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, P. O. Box 11594, Jeddah 21463
Saudi Arabia

Objective: Pressure ulcers present a major health challenge worldwide, and critically ill patients are considered to be at the greatest risk for pressure ulcer development. A study was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of pressure ulcer prevention measures (“PRESSURE bundle”) compared with standard care in reducing the incidence and prevalence of sacral pressure ulcers in critically ill patients in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methods: Patients were assigned to the standard care group (n = 330) or the “PRESSURE bundle” group (n = 360). The follow-up period for both treatment groups was 2 months. A pre-post study design was used where data were collected in two samples. Patients were aged 16 years or over and included all new patients admitted to the ICU who did not have but were considered at risk of developing, sacral pressure ulcers (Braden scale score <18). Results: In the PRESSURE care bundle group, there was a significant reduction (P < 0.001) in the incidence of newly developed sacral pressure ulcers in the 2 months treatment period (n = 1, 0.3%) compared with the standard care group (n = 16, 4.6%). There was also a significant reduction (P < 0.001) in the prevalence of sacral pressure ulcers in the PRESSURE care bundle group (4.75%) compared with the standard care group (22.7%) when prevalence figures were compared at the end of the treatment periods. Conclusion: The application of a group of pressure ulcer prevention measures (“PRESSURE bundle”) coincided with a reduction in incidence and prevalence of sacral pressure ulcers in critically ill patients who are at risk for developing pressure ulcers.


How to cite this article:
Amr AA, Yousef AM, Amirah MF, Alkurdi MH. A pre-post study evaluating the effectiveness of a new initiative, the “PRESSURE Bundle,” Compared with standard care in reducing the incidence and prevalence of sacral pressure ulcers in Critically Ill Patients in an intensive care unit in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.Saudi Crit Care J 2017;1:75-79


How to cite this URL:
Amr AA, Yousef AM, Amirah MF, Alkurdi MH. A pre-post study evaluating the effectiveness of a new initiative, the “PRESSURE Bundle,” Compared with standard care in reducing the incidence and prevalence of sacral pressure ulcers in Critically Ill Patients in an intensive care unit in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Saudi Crit Care J [serial online] 2017 [cited 2018 Jun 23 ];1:75-79
Available from: http://www.sccj-sa.org/article.asp?issn=2543-1854;year=2017;volume=1;issue=3;spage=75;epage=79;aulast=Amr;type=0