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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 9-11

Point prevalence of delirium among critically ill patients in Saudi Arabia: A multicenter study

1 Adult Intensive Care Unit, King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
2 King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Critical Care, King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
4 King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
5 Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
6 King Fahad University Hospital, Khobar, Saudi Arabia
7 Al Noor Specialist Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
8 King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
9 King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
10 King Khaled University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
11 King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
12 King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
13 Johns Hopkins Aramco Health Care, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
14 mam Abdulrahman Al Faisal Hospital, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
15 mam Abdulrahman Al Faisal Hospital, Dammam; Saudi Critical Care Society, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Nada S Al-Qadheeb
Research Center, King Khaled Medical City, Dammam and First Health Cluster in Eastern Province E1, King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam, P. O. Box 15215, Dammam 31444
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sccj.sccj_7_20

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Delirium is commonly recognized among critically ill patients; previous work suggests that delirium prevalence is up to 80% in intensive care unit (ICU) patients and is associated with a variety of adverse outcomes. While several tools have been validated for the detection of ICU delirium, the confusion assessment method -ICU and the intensive care delirium screening checklist are the most widely studied and used. Several risk factors are known to influence delirium occurrence such as benzodiazepines use, drug-induced coma, sleep alterations, metabolic disturbances, and sepsis. In Saudi Arabia, few studies have discussed delirium burden and associated risk factors among critically ill patients. Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of ICU delirium and to study the risk factors associated with the development of delirium in patients in the intensive care setting in Saudi Arabia. This is a 1-day cross-sectional study performed on January 28, 2020, in the medical-surgical ICUs at 14 hospitals in Saudi Arabia. Patients are excluded from the study if they have traumatic brain injury, documented dementia in patient's medical chart, and the inability to conduct valid delirium assessment.

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